Assessment of Military Personnel

The assessment of military personnel continues to be an area of confusion, judging from the number of calls we receive on this subject. The law in this area is controlled by the federal Soldiers and Sailors Relief Act of 1940. The United States Supreme Court has stated that military personnel shall not lose their residence or domicile in their home state solely because they are absent from the state in compliance with military or naval orders. However, military personnel stationed away from Missouri must still pay personal property taxes in Missouri assuming they retain Missouri as their home state of record.

The military personnel are treated as though they never left their home state and county. Consequently, assessors should treat the tangible personal property stationed in other states or countries the same as if the taxpayer is living in the county and the personal property is present in the state. The other side of the matter, is that personal property of any individuals residing in your county by means of military orders are not taxable in your jurisdiction, with the exception of business personal property located in Missouri and owned by non-resident military personnel.

The Attorney General issued an opinion [Burrell, Op. Att’y. Gen. No 95 (Feb 16, 1966)] concluding that non-resident military personnel stationed in Missouri may obtain a certificate of no tax due (a waiver) from the collector and license their cars in Missouri; however, if a military spouse is the sole owner, it should be taxed as any other resident. Verification of the home of record is easily ascertainable by looking at the bottom portion of the “Leave and Earnings Statement” (i.e., pay stub) which indicates the individual’s claimed home state of record.

Where Military Personal Property is Taxed

Type of Owner Location of Property Where Taxed
Non-MO Resident Military In Missouri Non taxable
MO Resident Military In Missouri In county of residence
MO Resident Military Outside Missouri
(voluntary reporting)
In county of residence
MO Resident Military Outside Missouri
(non-reporting)
In county of residence

 

contact us


Cathy Rinehart
Clay County Assessor


Clay County Courthouse
1 Courthouse Square
Liberty, Missouri 64068
 

phone: (816) 407-3500
fax: (816) 407-3501
email

Office Hours
 

 

Clay County Courthouse Annex
1901 NE 48th St
Kansas City, Missouri 64118
 

phone: (816) 407-3470
fax: (816) 407-3461
business: (816) 407-3460

Office Hours
 

 

GIS/Mapping
234 W. Shrader St, Suite D
Liberty, Missouri 64068
 

phone: (816) 407-3370
fax: (816) 407-3371
email

Office Hours